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A ball is dead when:
a) a boundary is scored
b) it lodges in a batsman's clothing or equipment
c) it lodges in a helmet of the fielding side
d) the umpire calls "over" or "time"
It usually means that it is time for a new delivery
to be bowled by the bowler and the batsman cannot
score any more runs from that delivery. He has to
face the next delivery and then score runs.
A batsman is given out LBW, when the ball hits the
body and the umpire is of the opinion that the ball
will hit the stumps, had the batsman completely missed
it. But there are certain exceptions. If the ball has
pitched outside the leg-stump, then the batsman can
never be given out LBW.
In the other case, if the ball has pitched outside
the off-stump and has also hit the batsman outside his
off-stump, he cannot be given out. The height is also
taken into account. Even if the batsman is adjacent to
the stumps but the ball has hit him high on the legs
then chances are that he will be given the benefit of
This occurs when a batsman is found short of his ground while he is running for a run and the fielder has broken down the wicket. Nowadays, there are third umpires placed to give an accurate decision if there is any element of doubt in the minds of the umpires on the field. The bowler is not credited with the wicket as he has no role to play in taking the wicket.
This is a field position wherein the fielder stands beside the wicket-keeper to try and catch any shots that may have come of the edge of the batsman's bat. There can be multiple number of slips and the maximum it can reach is 9 as these are the maximum fielders that a team can spread out in the field.
A wide ball is signalled by the umpire if in his opinion the ball is so high or wide off the wicket that the batsman cannot reach it while standing in his normal position. A penalty of one run is given for a wide, but if the batsman runs two runs, then it will stand as two wides. The ball is not dead when a wide is called and the striker may be given out stumped or hit wicket and a batsman may be out, run out or handled ball or obstructing the field. In one day cricket the interpretation is stricter.
This usually happens when there is a spinner bowling. If a batsman, while in his follow through, is found short of the crease and the wicket-keeper dislodges the wicket, then the batsman is given out stumped. It should be prompt and any time delay will result in a run out decision being given and the bowler will not be credited with the wicket.
|Jennifer Mathes, Ph.D.|